DEMOCRACY THROUGHOUT THE SYSTEM

 

DEMOCRACY THROUGHOUT THE SYSTEM

Merrelyn Emery, 1993, 2018

This part of Participative Design for Participative Democracy contains the three original documents in Emery (F's) thinking about extending democratization, the second design principle (DP2) from the small group or organization level to the integrated enterprise, whole system and governmental level.

TOWARDS REAL DEMOCRACY - INTRODUCTION

Fred Emery, 1989

It seems as if each major election in a Western democracy brings forth another spate of serious public discussions of the weaknesses of the democratic forms of government. If it is not the quality of the candidates that is being deplored it is the quality of the electoral campaigns or the cynicism of the electorate. Between elections the media appear to be constantly preoccupied with the recurrent scandals of political corruption and deception.

INDUSTRY COUNCILS: COMMENTS ON ONE ASPECT OF THE JACKSON REPORT

Fred Emery, 1976

The Jackson Report attached great importance to the Industrial Councils but did not attempt to give a blue print of how they might be staffed, their reporting channels and their modus operandi. 
 
At the Sun City workshop one of the three syndicates devoted itself to these questions and debated its views in two plenary sessions. This note is one person's perception of what was worked out. 

THE JURY SYSTEM AND PARTICIPATIVE DEMOCRACY

Fred Emery, 1976

The jury system is expected to yield a valid representation of what the community feels and thinks or wants in terms of justice, fair play and decency. Their decisions can ruin a person's life career, inflict long periods of incarceration or even lead to the abrupt ending of a life. These matters have long been regarded as too serious to allow jury selection by voting and too serious to allow decision making in the jury by a majority vote.

INDUSTRIAL DEMOCRACY AND REGIONAL DECENTRALIZATION

Fred Emery, 1976

To some this may seem a peculiar, idiosyncratic juxtaposition of themes. I chose the title because this is precisely what I wish to discuss. I think that in our studies of the democratization of work we have had to learn some lessons and think through some notions that are of central relevance to regional decentralization. Let me hasten to add that the ‘regional decentralization’ I am thinking of is the decentralization of Federal government departments and of some of the political power of the Federal parliament.

TOWARDS REAL DEMOCRACIES

Fred Emery

This study arose from concern about the lack of participation of citizens in the democratic process and the prevalence of apathy and withdrawal, cynicism about government processes, and distrust of politicians. Today, this concern is more widely shared and is more profound than ever before.

LECTURE 18

1991

These are only rough notes for a lecture but they are worth reading because:
1. they return to an historical perspective on democratization at the governance or societal level which became a major concern after the major challenges of how to do democratization at the organizational level were conquered, and  
2. they mention some dimensions of the Norwegian Industrial Democracy program that do not seem to appear in this form anywhere else, separate from the data that is to be found in Form and Content in Industrial Democracy (Emery & Thorsrud, 1969). These are critical insights into the social context of the time in Norway, a small country in which at the time, scientists spoke to each other across the disciplines sharing knowledge

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